The Chinese character structure can be divided into single component and the compound. Most of the Chinese characters are made up of two or more components, and the major structures of these characters are left-right structure, top-bottom structure and enclosed structure.
Left to Right
Above to Below
Left to Middle and Right
Above to Middle and Below
All Chinese characters are logograms, but there are several derivative types. These include a handful which derive from pictograms and a number which are ideographic in origin, but the vast majority originated as phono-semantic compounds. Below are five main categories of Chinese characters.
idealised pictures of the thing it refers to
山 = mountain
abstract idea by means of an arbitrary sign
上 = up
character composed of the meaning and pronunciation
plant + pick = vegetable
combination of meaningful components
女+子 = 好
woman + child =good
Borrowed characters, two homonyms like too and two.
假 借 文 字
要 = 腰
want = waist